寿桃包), a lotus-paste-filled bun made of wheat flour and shaped and colored to resemble a peach. For instance, “a freylekhn geburstag dovidn” it’s kind of a teasing way to wish someone a happy birthday to a friend. In India there are very few people who use birth celebration in villages, but in cities and towns, birthday cakes are used similarly as in western countries, especially among people with higher education. [136], This day ritually celebrates the bond between the wife and husband,[139] and in some Hindu communities, husbands will celebrate this with gifts to their wives. Sign In to Your Account Email Address. However, these cakes were only available to the very wealthy. ‘Happy Birthday’ in Korean Explanation. ", India Journal: ‘Tis the Season to be Shopping, Pakistan parliament adopts resolution for Holi, Diwali, Easter holidays, "The Svanti Festival: Victory over Death and the Renewal of the Ritual Cycle in Nepal", Diwali – Celebrating the triumph of goodness, Krishna Killed Narakasur – The Narakasur Legend of Diwali – Diwali Legend, Christopher H. Johnson, Simon Teuscher & David Warren Sabean 2011, https://www.drikpanchang.com/diwali/yama-deepam/yama-deepam-date-time.html?year=2020, http://www.swahainternational.org/the-yam-deep-or-jam-ke-deeya/, "Choti Diwali 2020 date: Kali Chaudas significance, when and how to celebrate - Times of India", "Diwali Festival 2020 India:Date,Story,Celebration,Diwali Special Gift", If You Missed Diwali in India, Dallas Is the Place to Be, Manchester Dashehra and Diwali Mela plans announced, Festive season to boost India gold buying, India's banks face pre-Diwali cash crunch, Diwali lights up consumer spending, festive spirit beats inflation, Fear Of Toxic Smog Leads India To Limit Diwali Fireworks, Firework Facts: Americans Incinerate $1 Billion in July Fourth Fireworks Every Year, Oneline sales may surpass Rs 30000 crores in festive months, Average family to spend Rs. However, you might also want to mix things up and have a few other ways to say “happy birthday” in French so that you stand out a bit. [124] At dusk, family members gather for the Lakshmi Pujan,[124] although prayers will also be offered to other deities, such as Ganesha, Saraswati, Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, Hanuman, or Kubera. There, they were free to celebrate another year in a place where Germans believed that adults protected children from the evil spirits attempting to steal their souls. Whether you're sending a birthday card, or writing on a friend's Facebook wall, it's good to share. [119][123] Shops either do not open or close early on this day allowing employees to enjoy family time. In this lesson we will have a look on an exciting birthday and party vocabulary! The cake can also be served with other sweets such as ice cream. According to Pintchman, the start of the 5-day Diwali festival is stated in some popular contemporary sources as the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from Samudra manthan, the churning of the cosmic ocean of milk by the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (demons) – a Vedic legend that is also found in several Puranas such as the Padma Purana, while the night of Diwali is when Lakshmi chose and wed Vishnu. In 2013, about ₹25 billion (US$350 million) of fireworks were sold to merchants for the Diwali season, an equivalent retail value of about ₹50 billion (US$700 million) according to The Times of India. [109][110] Many towns organise community parades and fairs with parades or music and dance performances in parks. Traditionally, the person whose birthday it is makes a wish, which is thought to come true if all the candles are extinguished in a single breath. [68][69][note 7] Examples include a 10th-century Rashtrakuta empire copper plate inscription of Krsna III (939–967 CE) that mentions Dipotsava,[70] and a 12th-century mixed Sanskrit-Kannada Sinda inscription discovered in the Isvara temple of Dharwad in Karnataka where the inscription refers to the festival as a "sacred occasion". For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avoNe. Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. Ik wens je een heel gelukkige verjaardag. Illustrative Islamic records, states Stephen Blake, include those of 16th-century Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi who wrote, "during Diwali.... the ignorant ones amongst Muslims, particularly women, perform the ceremonies... they celebrate it like their own Id and send presents to their daughters and sisters,.... they attach much importance and weight to this season [of Diwali]. [49] It is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana and the Skanda Purana both of which were completed in the second half of the 1st millennium CE. [106] Another aspect of the festival is remembering the ancestors. [106] Fertility motifs appear in agricultural offerings brought before Lakshmi by farming families, who give thanks for the recent harvests and seek her blessings for prosperous future crops. С днем рождения! What a year! We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. A sharing platform of English teaching materials. How can I say "happy birthday" in Arabic for man? Posted at 07:00h in BLOG by Tauni Gassman 0 Comments. [92] According to the Jain tradition, this practice of lighting lamps first began on the day of Mahavira's nirvana in 527 BCE,[note 9] when 18 kings who had gathered for Mahavira's final teachings issued a proclamation that lamps be lit in remembrance of the "great light, Mahavira". Birthday cake featuring edible miniature birthday party. According to Pintchman, in some Hindu traditions the women recite tales where sisters protect their brothers from enemies that seek to cause him either bodily or spiritual harm. So HOWAN could be one of them. He want to wish his brother. The most common phrases are buon compleanno, auguri and tanti auguri.. You can also wish someone cento di questi giorni which literally … Happy Belated Birthday! Sikhs historically referred to this festival as Diwali. [111] Some Hindus, Jains and Sikhs will send Diwali greeting cards to family near and far during the festive season, occasionally with boxes of Indian confectionery. [29][30] Newar Buddhists in Nepalese valleys also celebrate the Diwali festival over five days, in much the same way, and on the same days, as the Nepalese Hindu Diwali-Tihar festival. Happy birthday on russian language - hand-written text, typography, calligraphy, lettering. In Uruguay, party guests touch the person's shoulder or head following the singing of "Happy Birthday to You". Grewal, a scholar of Sikhism and Sikh history, Diwali in the Sikh tradition is older than the sixth Guru Hargobind legend. Some suggest he lived in the 5th-century BCE contemporaneously with the Buddha. 1. Birthdays are always fun. Feliz Cumpleaños are the Spanish words for “Happy Completed Years” or simply “Happy Birthday” since birthdays are considered a big day of celebration in most Spanish countries. Do you have a Korean friend or boyfriend or girlfriend? At such events a variety of music, dance and arts performances, food, crafts, and cultural celebrations are featured. He explained that though the actual Hindu festival day is the same, it is identified differently in regional calendars because there are two traditions in the Hindu calendar. [16][82][83] Hindus from the Braj region in northern India, parts of Assam, as well as southern Tamil and Telugu communities view Diwali as the day the god Krishna overcame and destroyed the evil demon king Narakasura, in yet another symbolic victory of knowledge and good over ignorance and evil. [180][181] As crop productivity per hectare has increased with mechanised harvesting, this has led to the practice becoming more widespread in the northern and northwestern regions of India in the months when Diwali is observed. [5], The use of fire in certain rites dates back to the creation of altars. [135], The celebrations and rituals of the Jains and the Sikhs are similar to those of the Hindus where social and community bonds are renewed. Diwali festivities include a celebration of sights, sounds, arts and flavours. In the 15th century, bakeries in Germany began to market one-layer cakes for customers' birthdays in addition to cakes for weddings. The Jains observe their own Diwali which marks the final liberation of Mahavira,[25][26] the Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison,[27] while Newar Buddhists, unlike other Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi, while the Hindus of Eastern India and Bangladesh generally celebrate Diwali, by worshipping goddess Kali. In Western Russia, birthday children are served fruit pies with a birthday greeting carved into the crusts. [40], The puja and rituals in the Bengali Hindu community focus on Kali, the goddess of war, instead of Lakshmi. Any use for monetary gains of any means is strictly prohibited.Cropping or deleting teacherfiera.com tag in any materials is not allowed.Email me for any inquiries at teacherfiera2u@gmail.com Each day has the following rituals and significance:[40], Dhanteras, derived from Dhan meaning wealth and teras meaning thirteenth, marks the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik and the beginning of Diwali. It was in early 20th-century, states Harjot Oberoi – a scholar of Sikh history, when the Khalsa Tract Society triggered by the. Hindus, in particular, have a ritual oil bath at dawn on each day of the festival. Most of the injuries sustained are Group I type burns (minor) requiring only outpatient care.[186][187]. If you speak a different language, and you wish them a happy birthday in your own language, this can warm their heart; Happy Birthday in 50 Languages. [8], A reference to the tradition of blowing out the candles was documented in Switzerland in 1881. [183] Other studies have stated that the fireworks of Diwali produce particulates and pollutants with a decay-life time of about one day. [105][40][81] On the evening of Dhanteras, families offer prayers (puja) to Lakshmi and Ganesha, and lay offerings of puffed rice, candy toys, rice cakes and batashas (hollow sugar cakes). English. [91] According to Goldstein, these are then shaped into various forms, such as laddus, barfis, halwa, kachoris, shrikhand, and sandesh, rolled and stuffed delicacies, such as karanji, shankarpali, maladu, susiyam, pottukadalai. … On the eve of his first visit to India as President of the United States, Obama released an official statement sharing his best wishes with "those celebrating Diwali". 10,000 on this Diwali: ASSOCHAM survey, "Festival of Lights: All You Need to Know About Diwali", "NextFins Celebrates Diwali With the Launch of INDF", "Prince Charles, Camilla celebrate Diwali in UK", "Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall Celebrate Diwali at BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London", "Brown celebrates Diwali at 10, Downing Street, in a 'historic' first", "Pakistan parliament adopts resolution for Holi, Diwali, Easter holidays", "Muslim-majority Pakistan set to declare Holi, Diwali and Easter as public holidays", "Muslims join Hindus in Diwali celebrations in Pakistan's Peshawar", Location wise daily Ambient Air Quality of Delhi for the year 2015, Want govt to build 1600 km green wall along Aravalli, "India's courts take the fun out of a Hindu holiday", "Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA's A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements", "Burns in the developing world and burn disasters", The Ancient Origins of Diwali, India’s Biggest Holiday, For More About deepavali from Karnataka Tourism Department, Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sembilan's Birthday, Anniversary of Installation of the Sultan of Terengganu, Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City, Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diwali&oldid=999694302, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Konkani (individual language)-language text, Articles containing Maithili-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 13:33. Learn Nepali bhasa with us. [171], Every year during Diwali, Indian forces approach their Pakistani counterparts at the border bearing gifts of traditional Indian confectionery, a gesture that is returned in kind by the Pakistani soldiers who give Pakistani sweets to the Indian soldiers. Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil (vark). It’s important to celebrate them right and with the appropriate phrases. Earlier in the season's fortnight, some welcome the souls of their ancestors to join the family for the festivities with the Mahalaya. Other contributors to the poor air quality include daily vehicular and industrial activity along with the burning of other biomass. [169][170] Barack Obama became the first president to personally attend Diwali at the White House in 2009. [38], Diwali (English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/)[8] or Divali[42] is from the Sanskrit dīpāvali meaning "row or series of lights". [100][101][note 10], Diwali is not a festival for most Buddhists, with the exception of the Newar people of Nepal who revere various deities in the Vajrayana Buddhism and celebrate Diwali by offering prayers to Lakshmi. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies [40][81] Along with Lakshmi, who is representative of Vaishnavism, Ganesha, the elephant-headed son of Parvati and Shiva of Shaivism tradition, is remembered as one who symbolises ethical beginnings and the remover of obstacles. [80], Many Hindus associate the festival with Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and wife of Vishnu. This legend is remembered through the ritual of building small mountain-like miniatures from cow dung. [28][29][30] The main day of the festival of Diwali (the day of Lakshmi Puja) is an official holiday in Fiji,[31] Guyana,[32] India, Malaysia (except Sarawak),[33] Mauritius, Myanmar,[34] Nepal,[35] Pakistan,[36] Singapore,[37] Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. The Jain Diwali celebrated in many parts of India has similar practices to the Hindu Diwali, such as the lighting of lamps and the offering of prayers to Lakshmi. These elaborate 17th century cakes had many aspects of the contemporary birthday cake, like multiple layers, icing, and decorations. FREELANG - HAPPY BIRTHDAY in all languages Other Words and expressions in all languages Enter our forum: "In all languages" (to have something translated in all languages or to add your own translations) languages, and counting! [46][note 2], The five-day celebration is observed every year in early autumn after the conclusion of the summer harvest, coincides with the new moon (amāvasyā) and is deemed the darkest night of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. The Catholic dicastery Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, founded as Secretariat for non-Christians by Pope Paul VI, began sending official greetings and Pope's message to the Hindus on Diwali in the mid-1990s. December 6, MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR FROM KELAB BELIA SETIAKAWAN. 寿包) or shòu táo bāo (壽桃包, simp. It coincides with the day of Kali Chaudas. Hi Customer, There will be no issues for delivery to Malaysia. [57] The Venetian merchant and traveller Niccolò de' Conti visited India in the early 15th-century and wrote in his memoir, "on another of these festivals they fix up within their temples, and on the outside of the roofs, an innumerable number of oil lamps... which are kept burning day and night" and that the families would gather, "clothe themselves in new garments", sing, dance and feast. The Diwali night's lights and firecrackers, in this interpretation, represent a celebratory and symbolic farewell to the departed ancestral souls. For other uses, see, (The Lore of Birthdays (New York, 1952), Ralph and Adelin Linton, pp. Diwali was celebrated as a significance of triumph of good over evil after Krishna's Victory over Narakasura. [147], During the season of Diwali, numerous rural townships and villages host melas,[148] or fairs, where local producers and artisans trade produce and goods. Throughout the world, birthdays are a time for celebration, and using birthday wishes in different languages can be educational for even the youngest birthday boy or girl. [73][74] Another early 13th-century Sanskrit stone inscription, written in the Devanagari script, has been found in the north end of a mosque pillar in Jalore, Rajasthan evidently built using materials from a demolished Jain temple. Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Dashera (Dasara, Dasain) festival, with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangolis. [149][note 14] In the modern day, Diwali mela are held at college, or university, campuses or as community events by members of the Indian diaspora. Diwali (English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/; Deepavali (IAST: dīpāvali) or Divali) is a festival of lights and one of the major festivals celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. [1] However, the link between cakes and birthday celebrations may date back to ancient Roman times. [41][108] According to David Kinsley, an Indologist and scholar of Indian religious traditions particularly in relation to goddess worship, Lakshmi symbolises three virtues: wealth and prosperity, fertility and abundant crops, as well as good fortune. Are You Looking to Learn Yiddish? The phrase "happy birthday" did not appear on birthday cakes until the song "Happy Birthday to You" was popularized in the early 1900s. Variations include cupcakes, cake pops, pastries, and tarts. Birthday cakes have been a part of birthday celebrations in Western European countries since the middle of the 19th century. [4], This day is commonly celebrated as Diwali in Tamil Nadu, Goa, and Karnataka. Birthday candles are said to hold symbolic power.[6]. Birthday cake with 'Happy Birthday Mum' message. [112], Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance, typically after the festival of Dusshera that precedes Diwali by about 20 days. This is believed to please Yama (Yamraj), the god of death, and to ward off untimely death. [23] [note 13] The looms, tools of trade, machines and workplaces are cleaned and prayers offered to these livelihood means. Hindu temples on this day prepare and present "mountains of sweets" to the faithful who have gathered for darshan (visit). [58][59] The 16th-century Portuguese traveller Domingo Paes wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, where Dipavali was celebrated in October with householders illuminating their homes, and their temples, with lamps. Communities prepare over one hundred dishes from a variety of ingredients, which is then dedicated to Krishna before shared among the community. SAALGIRA or JANAMDIN (Birthday) MUBARKAN (congratulations) HOWAN (Accept) Its been already mentioned by (SIKH SAAEN HAZRAAT) and other people that PUNJABI is so sweet language and it also contains slang words. Monier Monier Williams (2008 updated, Harvard University), Sanskrit English dictionary, आवलि. Small business owners give gifts or special bonus payments to their employees between Dhanteras and Lakshmi Pujan. The inscription states that Ramachandracharya built and dedicated a drama performance hall, with a golden cupola, on Diwali. ", Some inscriptions mention the festival of lights in Prakrit terms such as, The Sanskrit inscription is in the Grantha script. The Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue was founded as Secretariat for non-Christians by Pope Paul VI. Birthdays are without a doubt, a happy occasion! The third day is the day of Lakshmi Puja and the darkest night of the traditional month. Birthday cakes are often layer cakes with frosting served with small lit candles on top representing the celebrant's age. The words may be different, but the love you feel when someone wishes you a happy birthday is universally known. [84][85], Trade and merchant families and others also offer prayers to Saraswati, who embodies music, literature and learning and Kubera, who symbolises book-keeping, treasury and wealth management. [7] The festival usually lasts five days and is celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). Last Update: 2017-04-26 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous. In many cultures the person whose birthday is being celebrated is invited to make a wish, and blow out candles. Learning to say happy birthday in Russian is a great way to celebrate Russian-speaking friends, coworkers and family members! How to say happy birthday in Italian. [155][156] According to Rao, Diwali is one of the major festivals where rural Indians spend a significant portion of their annual income, and is a means for them to renew their relationships and social networks. The cake, pastry, or dessert is served to a person on their birthday. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. The authors concluded that the contribution of the festival fireworks could lead to a 1.3% increase in the non-carcinogenic hazard index. Yes. In Peru, guests used to sing "Happy Birthday to You" first in English with the name of the individual whose birthday it is, then in Spanish, later they sing any other song in Spanish regarding cake or date, finally blowing candles and serving the cake. Is it the same for women? Vector hand-writing in one color for cutout template, label, emblem, sticker, banner, greeting card, badge. Maltese. Maori words for happy birthday include huritau hari ki a koe and te huritau oaoa. On 9 October 2017, the Supreme Court of India banned the sale, but not use, of fireworks in Delhi during the Diwali season,[179] with the assumption that banning the use of fireworks would substantially improve the air quality of Delhi. There are a lot of phrases. [143] In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or invite their sister's family to their village to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests. Traditionally, Marathi Hindus and South Indian Hindus receive an oil massage from the elders in the family on the day and then take a ritual bath, all before sunrise. [161] About two-thirds of Indian households, according to the ASSOCHAM forecast, would spend between ₹5,000 (US$70) and ₹10,000 (US$140) to celebrate Diwali in 2017. A birthday cake is a cake eaten as part of a birthday celebration. [117] The day and its rituals are interpreted as ways to liberate any souls from their suffering in "Naraka", or hell, as well as a reminder of spiritual auspiciousness. 5 Likes. If you would like to know how to say Happy Birthday in Slovak, you are at the right place! [113] The term "Dhan" for this day also alludes to the Ayurvedic icon Dhanvantari, the god of health and healing, who is believed to have emerged from the "churning of cosmic ocean" on the same day as Lakshmi. Birthday cakes became accessible to the lower class as a result of the industrial revolution and the spread of more materials and goods. Hi Aine At the moment the level testing is available for all English, German, French, and Spanish students. Birthdays aren’t just about streamers, balloons, and cake (though those certainly don’t hurt! Rice cakes ), they ’ re going to learn some of them the Buddha of student! Cultures, the day also marks a major shopping day for festive, community. 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