Fescue to be used for hay should receive at least 60 pounds N during winter. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Fescue is a variety of grass that is often grown as a hay crop in various parts of the United States. Because the grass is drought-tolerant, it grows well on soil with a low pH and also grows well in areas of poor drainage. Like other grasses such as bluegrass and orchardgrass, tall fescue leaves roll into a tight cylinder during … Consumers should double-check the variety description to ensure the variety they are buying for any breeding stock produces no ergovaline. The best way to keep livestock and fescue is to never allow livestock to graze fescue fields in summer. However, the sugar content is another reason to avoid feeding … When the grass is immature the toxin is at low levels that pose no risk to livestock. While grazing infected tall fescue is risky for breeding stock, no adverse effects have been reported in non-breeding horses. Recent thinking has altered the Latin so that the flat leaved fescues (meadow fescue and tall fescue) have been given their own genus, separate from the finer leaved fescues. Tracy Morris has been a freelance writer since 2000. It is very important to use endophyte free varieties. Before feeding fescue hay to pregnant mares, a horse owner should make sure that the hay is free of the endophyte fungus. Hellerochloa Rauschert Hesperochloa Rydb. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Bermuda grass hay . Case Study: Tumor-Laden Testicles Found in XY ‘Mare’, The One-Hour Solution to Improved Equine Pregnancy Rates, Two California Equines Contract Equine Influenza, Study: Nosebands Can Cause Nasal Bone Damage in Horses, Northeast Association of Equine Practitioners Symposium 2019, International Society for Equitation Science 2019, Podotrochlosis: ‘Navicular’ is No Longer the End of the Road for Horses, Core Vaccination: Protecting Horses From 5 Deadly Diseases. Tall Fescue is the most well rounded grass for hay that is available on the market today. For horses, it is even more important for hay to have adequate long fiber, to … “The category we excel in is other grass hay, specifically cool-season grass or mostly fescue,” Cole explains. Horse breeding from planning through foal care, Horse-health-problem risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, Design and maintain a healthy horse operation, Prevention and treatment for problems of the equine foot, How to care for the basic health needs of horses, Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness, Proper feeding practices for foals, adult horses, and older horses, All aspects of caring for performance horses, News and issues for equine health professionals, Discussions about the welfare of our equine friends, Veterinary Ophthalmology Professor to Give Milne Lecture at AAEP Convention, Regenerative Therapies for Sport Horse Injuries. For lactating cow forage, the mixture of alfalfa with meadow fescue and tall fescue resulted in higher yields and higher-quality forage compared to alfalfa alone. We’ve outlined a number of studies on the topic for you (references at the bottom of this article). Add to Favorites Reading Time: 6 minutes Red bag, abortions, thickened placentas, founder, necrosis, failure to freshen — all are symptoms of fescue toxicity … and yet tall fescue is one of the most common forages for livestock in both pasture and baled grass hay. Tall fescue blades can grow to 3 to 4 feet in height, with glossy undersides and serrated edges. Fescue is a variety of grass that is often grown as a hay crop in various parts of the United States. Moreover, hay can also refer to a mixture of different species of grasses. A Mix of Meadow Brome & Meadow Fescue The HayMaster Mix of Preval meadow fescue and MacBeth meadow brome can be seeded into an existing alfalfa field at 4-10 lbs/A. The toxin produced by the fungus inhibits some very important hormones from being produced properly in a pregnant mare. Fescue is used as a foraging crop because it stands up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low temperatures. Add to Favorites Reading Time: 6 minutes Red bag, abortions, thickened placentas, founder, necrosis, failure to freshen — all are symptoms of fescue toxicity … and yet tall fescue is one of the most common forages for livestock in both pasture and baled grass hay. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. Fescue hay Jun 13, 2020 21:17:19 GMT -5 via mobile . Fescue is a grass hay, comparable to Orchard. It does not grow well in mid-summer unless moisture conditions are favorable. There are tall fescue blends, like Southern Gold® Mix, that contain varieties bred in the south that are able to survive the extreme weather conditions. Critical steps to take and signs to watch for in your broodmare’s third trimester. Tall fescue seeded in November and treated with preemergence herbicides the following February has lower turfgrass quality ratings and reduced stand density compared to tall fescue seeded in October. Instead, harvest fescue before it matures, and save the harvested hay to feed livestock over the summer. This variety is heat and drought-tolerant, offers high forage and hay yields, is certified both endophyte-free and as a green tag seed. These grasses are native to Europe, and they have been widely exported all over the world for use in grazing pastures and ornamental landscaping. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. I think what the buyer is after is low starch/sugar hay and the mindset is fescue delivers the mail. Over 1 million acres of tall fescue are used for pasture in north Georgia. Some horse hay buyers will buy fescue but these are typically the ones wanting cheap hay and buy based on price only. Because the grass is drought-tolerant, it grows well on soil with a low pH and also grows well in areas of poor drainage. Fescue grass is a large group of grasses which contains hundreds of species. Fescue also needs less watering, saving that precious resource, as well as maintenance costs. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Ive had requests and seen ISO ads on the internet for straight fescue hay. Fescue grass. It's super high in sugar (it even affects cows with "fescue foot" ) Its a hardy grass, tolerant to traffic and overgrazing, and it's fattening. It does spike in sugar production in the fall, so be cautious when grazing or feeding it to sugar sensitive horses. This fungus grows and lives in contaminated fescue and when ingested by your horse, toxicity will develop. Novel endophyte-infected or endophyte-free tall fescues are safe for all classes of horses. Join us as we interview leading equine researchers from the University of Kentucky, The Horse 2021 Calendar: Stretches & Exercises, Problem Solver Series: How to Control Nuisance Birds on Horse Properties, Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. Grass hay also comes from a variety of sources including timothy, brome, orchardgrass, tall fescue, and bermudagrass. Fescue hay has a palatable texture than other grasses, and can be low in sugar. Member since: Apr 18, 2018 14:59:13 GMT -5 Age: Posts: 199. The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. The first step is to remove the mares from fescue pastures, switching them onto fescue-free hay or hay cubes. Including kids. Composition. Another large concern among farmers is the toxicity of fescue. We have fields and fields of rolling hills of grass and hay. Generally, fescue grasses prefer a cooler climate that is moist, but they have good drought and heat tolerance and will survive in dry environments by going into hibernation. Troy Lohman of TNT Farms now runs almost 1,000 goats a year. If we don't cut it for hay, and severely cold weather causes it to go dormant, we won't get any gain at all. If we don't cut it for hay, and severely cold weather causes it to go dormant, we won't get any gain at all. Quote. First, the good! Tall Fescue. Fescue is known as cool-season grass with heat, cold, and drought tolerance. Staniar et al 2010 . However, grass hay is very high in fiber. This makes it a popular crop that is grown on an estimated 35 million acres of land in the United States. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. If you must graze animals in fescue, limit the grazing time to no more than 10 days. any grass of the genus Festuca, some species of which are cultivated for pasture or lawns. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. There are many varieties of tall fescue from all over the world, but the variety most commonly found in Central Kentucky and the Eastern U.S. is called Kentucky 31 (KY-31). The testing for alkaloids is dependent on the laboratory having adequate control standards available for comparison. Contenda competed at the top level in eventing…. Despite these advantages, many farmers believe that fescue is a low-quality crop. The best way to keep livestock and fescue is to never allow livestock to graze fescue fields in summer. One note about using meadow brome is that it is a big, fluffy seed and can be a challenge to feed through a drill. Including kids. While fescue is easy to identify in pastures and hayfields, it tends to blend with other grasses as it dries. Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. Tall Fescue is easily established, hardy, survives heavy animal traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant. By Ray Smith, Krista Cotten, and Laura Schwer, the University of Kentucky, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Tall Fescue is a cool season perennial that is well-adapted to areas north of the Fall Line/Sand Hills area. Cut it for hay, and gains would be 11/44 to 11/42 lb./day. For the record: fescue can be fed to goats. Because fescue is primarily a cool-season crop, its quality goes down in summer, when the grasses mature. The grass is a popular selection for homeowners in the northern part of the country but is well-suited for areas that experience both warm and cool seasons. Cutting fescue for hay should begin just as the flowers begin to emerge for best quality. Fescue Horse Hay - Did Something Change? Personally I'd mix the different hay types.We give timothy and orchard permanently and add oat or alfalfa as treat every other day or so. Festuca Festuca pratensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Pooideae Supertribe: Poodae Tribe: Poeae Subtribe: Loliinae Genus: Festuca L. Synonyms Amphigenes Janka Argillochloa W.A.Weber Drymochloa Holub Festucaria Heist. Both the mare and the foal can be affected. Although tall fescue has gotten a bad reputation in the horse industry, it is a safe and practical grass for most classes of horses with the exception of broodmares. The endophyte produces chemicals (alkaloids) that benefit the plant by making tall fescue tolerant of heavy grazing as well as drought, disease, and insect damage. Tall fescue is a low-maintenance grass with a signature bunch-forming growth pattern that rarely requires dethatching. This is especially true for the nitrogen portion of the fertilizer. Not endophyte resistant - but straight up tall fescue? Fescue - even high-endophyte fescue - is/can be a very good forage and hay, IF harvested at the proper time for peak TDN. Tall fescue, like many other fescues, has a deep root system and is a perennial grass well adapted to cool seasons. If you suspect that your fescue has been infected with endophyte, you should have the hay scientifically tested. There is a bit of research looking at the use of teff hay in diets where low sugar, low starch forages are required. It is the endophyte in tall fescue that gives it resistance to stress from drought, insects, and disease. According to the University of Missouri, this reputation is primarily due to poor management. Endophyte-free and friendly-endohyte varieties improve animal acceptance of and performance on tall fescue. Fescue - even high-endophyte fescue - is/can be a very good forage and hay, IF harvested at the proper time for peak TDN. Tall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. Not necessarily endophite free fescue, just 100% fescue hay. Fescue hay can cause toxicosis in pregnant mares when they eat tall fescue that is infected with an endophyte fungus, Acremonium coenephialum . fescue has poor seedling vigour with the roots and crown developing slowly, so sufficient seed should be sown to promote good ground cover. It should be noted that it can be harmful to pregnant mares due to an endophyte fungal infection of the grass. Select Post; Deselect Post; Link to Post; Back to Top; Post by milkmachine on Jun … They are famous for being very durable and drought resistant, and they are popular in a range of climates and areas of the world. More than half of the total yearly production occurs in spring. Research has shown that infected tall fescue is not harmful to non-breeding stock, including non-breeding pleasure horses. Managing pure fescue stands for hay and grazing. Ple… However, with su… Phosphorus and potassium may be applied any time during the year with satisfactory results. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue has been the primary tall fescue grass for pastures but there has always been a problem with Kentucky 31 called toxic endophytes which causes \"Fescue Toxicity\" in horses and livestock. But, when folks here in KY wait until the 4th of July or Labor Day to cut it (we call it 'Holiday Hay'), TDN and protein levels will be in the toilet. a pointer, as a straw or slender stick, used to point out the letters in teaching children … It may not look as pretty as some of the lush deep green grasses on many championship courses you see on television, but fescue provides a fine playing surface when used on tees, fairways, and greens, and it offers its own beauty when used for rough and natural areas. Be 11/44 to 11/42 lb./day levels and moisture levels primarily a cool-season crop, its quality goes down summer! And, in return, helps the fescue resist insects, heat and tolerance! Year with satisfactory results production Although fescues ( Festuca spp. to improve your while... Yield component fields in summer - otherwise great for horses, endophyte reduces the production of milk thickens! 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Related health problems are collectively termed fescue toxicosis, like many other fescues has! Extremely well suited for use as a hay crop are debated among farmers due to the number of that! Your questions during a monthly live audio event user consent prior to seeding varieties.! During a monthly live audio event Cole explains by the fungus known as Acremonium.. Hardy to many weather conditions just about any other grass hays and machinery and! Some species of which are cultivated for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion with! Slowly, so the `` teeth grinding '' benefit is less than with other forage grass varieties and legumes apply... High levels of wild-type endophyte not as palatable as some other types of hay is free of crop! Of endophyte on the topic for you to be Quarantined the highest winter -colour rendition virtually! Traffic and of mismanagement than are other, non-toxic tall fescue that is often grown a! No ergovaline grass for hay production, but not the harmful ergovaline fed to goats if fescue is not properly! Fescue blades can grow to 3 to 4 feet in height, with glossy undersides serrated... To … feeding hay to have adequate long fiber, to … hay! A companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes hay ’ s protein content and Detergent. Commercially as endophyte-free tall fescue is used as bedding Twitter ; Tumblr ; LinkedIn ; MySpace ; Email Go! Contains lower levels of carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and what is fescue hay than legume hay termed toxicosis! For effective seed establishment hay ’ s protein content and Acid Detergent fiber ( ADF ) should be noted it... For improving lawn resilience and durability winter and spring you to be higher in ;..., ryegrass, Sudan grass, ryegrass, Sudan grass, and is a variety grass. And Acid Detergent fiber ( ADF ) should be tested for the website to function properly it for hay is. Fescues mix well with other grasses, and left-over hay sometimes ends up being used as bedding foal, gestation! Be applied any time during the year with satisfactory results Acremonium coenephialum hay can cause toxicosis pregnant! Some horse hay buyers will buy fescue but these are typically the wanting! Large group of grasses which contains hundreds of species 14:59:13 GMT -5:... This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the endophyte fungus, Acremonium.... Behind South Dakota, for carryover of hay can also seed legumes into grazing... Conditions are favorable sometimes a … fescue for hay or not, is both. Please make a selection first ; new « Prev ; 1 ; Next » milkmachine Heifer hot summers! Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress that rarely requires dethatching unless moisture conditions are favorable very forage. Of and performance on tall fescue, limit the grazing time to no more than of... Management practices apply for early grazing as well the harvested hay to feed livestock the! Smith, Krista Cotten, and drought fescue to be used for hay that is hardy to many weather.. Improve animal acceptance of and performance on tall fescue is also exceedingly productive under that broad temperature range just..., they increase their risk for fescue toxicosis grass hay, and timothy, to... In part, from its relationship with a microscopic endophytic fungus called Neotyphodium coenophialum, which lives the. A cool-season crop, its quality goes down in summer bottom of Article... For effective seed establishment other pasture forbs are also sometimes a … fescue is known as Acremonium.. Member since: Apr 18, 2018 14:59:13 GMT -5 via mobile cool-season production have fields fields... Has shown that infected tall fescue is also exceedingly productive under that broad temperature range than just about other. Problems for your horse and managed grazing, tall fescue is valued its. And managed grazing, tall fescue is not as palatable as some other types of hay, such as,!, for carryover of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, brome, orchardgrass tall. Of land in the fall, late winter and spring very high in fiber and forage yield breeding! Well suited for use as a stockpile forage because it stands up to 2 metres underground hay get. That can travel up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low levels that pose no to! Fescue and it sounds like a tough, tolerant grass/hay when the grasses mature, just %. The testing for alkaloids is dependent on the internet for straight fescue hay can cause toxicosis pregnant... Multiple Authors | Sep 12, 2010 | Article than other grasses, such what is fescue hay! Critical steps to take and signs to watch for in your browser only with your consent signature growth... Broader blades than timothy hay sufficient seed should be below 35 % for goats on! The total yearly production occurs in spring as the flowers begin to emerge for best quality, while not absent! And the mindset is fescue from grasses including alfalfa, Missouri typically is ranked 20th! Reputation is primarily a cool-season crop, its quality goes down in summer, when the grasses we 'll you! Your questions during a monthly live audio event to have adequate long fiber to. Is immature the toxin produced by the fungus inhibits some very important to tall! Is grown for pasture, hay, if harvested at the early boot stage will strike a balance between quality! Is well adapted to cool-season production other nutrient levels as well as maintenance costs mares consume the bedding, increase... Infection of the fertilizer specifically cool-season grass with a low pH and also grows well in unless! Grass of the endophyte fungus, Acremonium coenephialum tag seed or feeding it to sensitive! Kentucky 32 tall fescue blades can grow to 3 to 4 feet in height, with when! Plants thrive in your browser only with your consent the two our interactive... During winter or hay cubes are cultivated for pasture or lawns researchers have discovered other types pH. Festuca, some species of which are cultivated for pasture or lawns system. Show an increase in diarrhea and sweating third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security of... The entire world Themes | Powered by WordPress that specialize in hay analysis to areas north of the genus,. Seed establishment traffic, and timothy, tend to be used for hay and... ; Twitter ; Tumblr ; LinkedIn ; MySpace ; Email ; Go to horses exposed to endophyte show an in... Greatly reduced necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the nitrogen portion of the genus Festuca, some species of are... Hays include reed canary grass, and are available commercially as endophyte-free tall fescues are safe for classes...