Simple but vital measures include identification of this highly invasive grass and sanitation of soil or mechanical equipment that may be contaminated with either seed or rhizome material to prevent cogongrass from infesting new territory. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). , It is used as an ingredient in the skincare brand Kiehl's Ultra Facial Cream for its high concentrations of potassium which provides a hydrating effect. Why is cogon grass invasive? Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass. , Cogongrass has an extensive rhizome network, the biomass of which accounts for 60% of the total biomass of the plant.  Before it was named an invasive species in the area, it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Seedheads will vary from 2 to 8 inches in length (Figure 3). Very hard to pull with a … Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. Cogongrass leaves should be green and at least 12 inches tall at the time of herbicide application to ensure sufficient herbicide absorption, this is especially important when using Glyphosate. Breaking the rhizomes helps to dry them out and deplete stored energy. Combining a fall treatment with an additional application to the Spring regrowth (when leaf area is adequate) is an effective one-two punch to start a control plan.  Cogongrass depends on regular fires to spread and maintain ecological dominance. Figure 4. The nutrients in wheatgrass aid the body in getting rid of impurities and … , The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. It is highly flammable, even when still apparently green, particularly in tropical climates. koenigii. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats.  Cogongrass came to the Southeastern United States in the early 1900s as shipping material in crates. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . This is because cogon grass is spreading really fast. More Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Inset is a close-up of the same plant showing the typical scaly appearance of the rhizomes. The typical offset, white midrib of a cogongrass leaf. Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. You can build your own biogas generator. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. The leaves are 2-6 feet in length and taper to a point (Figure 1). The grass is also used to weave into mats and baskets. The leaves resemble ribbons with flat edge, straight and … Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. Figure 3. (2000). Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. Optimizing the timing of applications is a key first step. I am the Agriculture and Natural Resources agent in Washington County. It is a figure of speech for procrastination, specifically people who show a fervent interest in a new project but lose interest quickly, in reference to the propensity of cogongrass to catch fire and burn out quickly. If you have a grass that you suspect to be cogongrass and you would like definitive identification, contact your county’s Agricultural Extension Agent. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. Glyphosate can only enter plants through green leaves and has no residual or soil activity. It can eliminate toxins. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and color of its leaves. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. Reply. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. David The Good March 27, 2018 - 4:26 pm. In the U.S. it survives best in the Southeast (and, according to a 2003 survey, has overtaken more acreage in that region than the notorious kudzu), but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Under the “scales” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible. In mixed grass stands (where small cogongrass leaves are harder to see) treat an additional 10 feet all the way around the patch beyond the last visible cogongrass leaves. Other uses include paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags. is a rhizomatous perennial grass that has infested ~200 million hectares of land in Asia and 500 million hectares worldwide . Beneficial Uses of the Cogon Grass As food: Young clusters and shoots are edible when cooked, the roots are starchy and contain sugar. Glyphosate, imazapyr, and com… Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Europe, Asia Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. The annual provides shade and competition to the cogongrass in the Spring when it breaks dormancy causing further depletion of stored energy, weakening the cogongrass. Blady grass (Imperata cylindrica) commonly known as cogon grass, kunai grass or Japanese bloodgrass is a type of grass that has sharp leaves and usually the weeds that interfere with crop farmers. , The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. It is also planted and sold as an ornamental; I. cylindrica variety Rubra also known as Red Baron or Japanese Blood grass is used in landscaping. aim to utilize the use of dried Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as a substituting agent and a thickener for gypsum boards. The hot water solubility of I. cylindrica is quite similar with switch grass, but lower than C.tataria, elephant grass and Palmyra palm fruit as seen in Table-1. Loving your articles and videos on youtube. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. Bearing – Upright mound Foliage – deciduous Height – 16 to 36 inches (40 to 90 cm) Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. Their website also states that indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a substitute for salt due to its high saline content. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Once cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control is required. It is used in traditional Chinese medicine.. Common names. 7% It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed My program areas include livestock and forage, row crops, and pond management. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. (14) The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. The plant can also be used in construction and as fibre; the stems are used for thatching, the leaves for paper-making, weaving mats, bags and raincoats. Cogongrass Biology, Ecology, and Management in Florida Grazing Lands, Consider Genetic Merit When Selecting Bulls – It’s Worth It, New App for FWC Deer Harvest Reporting System, Buying or Selling Bulls? Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. The grass also can grow on sand and clay, and consumers of it are few. Buddha is said to have made a seat out of cogon grass for meditation. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. There are no selective herbicide options for controlling cogongrass. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Adequate spray coverage is crucial maximizing control. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Imperata cylindrica (commonly known as cogongrass /koʊˈɡoʊn/ or kunai grass /ˈkuːnaɪ/)) is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. by Mark Mauldin | Sep 18, 2020 | Forage & Pasture, Invasive Species, Natural Resources, Pest Management, Weeds. Just because cogongrass is not new doesn’t mean we can forget about it. "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Young inflorescences and shoots may be eaten cooked, and the roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew. Figure 1. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. In most situations, control requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year. For those who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a solution. Cogongrass spreads very effectively via fragmented rhizomes. The following are some basic considerations to keep in mind when developing your specific plan for control. Width: 2 ft. 0 in. Every season that goes by without control measures being applied, is a season in which the infestation grows, strengthens, and ultimately becomes more difficult to control.  It is now listed as a Federal Noxious Weed in some Southeastern States and Arkansas. , The species is most commonly known in English as "cogongrass", from Spanish cogón, from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon. Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica.. ETYMOLOGY: The English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón, which is from the Tagalog word kugon.. Cogongrass been called Japanese bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. Reply. It can be used safely around desirable trees as long, as it does not contact their leaves. Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S. However, the density rhizome mat makes effective tillage quite difficult. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. Many cultures have found uses for the flowers and roots this herb in … Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Imazapyr can enter plants through root or foliar absorption and it is active in the soil for a considerable amount of time. Noteworthy Characteristics. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. Control strategies for cogongrass vary considerably by location/situation. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. - 4 ft. 0 in. It is a highly flammable fire-adapted species, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires. The leaves are about 2 cm wide near the base of the plant and narrow to a sharp point at the top; the margins are finely toothed and are embedded with sharp silica crystals. I didn’t know this was your website. Light seeded native species are usually present in the seed-bank … Be on the lookout and control cogongrass this Fall before the situation worsens. , It grows from 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) tall.  Burnoff is seldom successful since the grass burns at a high temperature causing heat damage to trees which would ordinarily be undamaged by a controlled burn and recovers from a burn quickly. It affects the lives of vegetation Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. Large, heavy equipment is necessary to break the rhizome mat. Cogongrass seedheads are primarily visible during the spring. It spreads both through small seeds, which are easily carried by the wind, and rhizomes which can be transported by tilling equipment and in soil transport.  Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. The seedheads are cottony white and quite airy/fluffy. The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants. As building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking (bundled). This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. Herb: Cogongrass. It is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and other areas subject to erosion. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world.It is native to Korea, Japan, China, India, and tropical eastern Africa. The leaf margins are finely serrated and very sharp when felt “against the grain”. Cogongrass is VERY difficult to control. The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. Family Poaceae . In some scenarios it may be feasible and beneficial to plant a cool-season annual (like ryegrass) over dormant cogongrass (assuming foliage has been removed by fire or some other means). The upper surface is hairy near the base of the plant while the underside is usually hairless. Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). It grows on wet lands, dry lands, areas of high salinity, organic soils, clay soils, and sandy soils of pH from 4.0 to 7.5. Imperata cylindrica, a few key facts. , The plant contains the triterpenoids arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol.. Quarantine and extermination of this plant is especially difficult because cogongrass establishes root systems as deep as four feet, and regrowth can be triggered by rhizome segments as small as one inch. - 4 ft. 0 in. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. In the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities. It is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. Photo Credit: https://www.forestryimages.org/. , Control is typically by the use of herbicides. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. Even in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive plant. Both of these chemistries are non-selective and should be used with care. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. Once established it often forms dense monocultures. Don’t forget to include a surfactant with your herbicide. A decoction of the root is used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Below are some additional points to consider regarding chemical control of cogongrass. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. , In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. , A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). Cogongrass is by no means a new issue in Northwest Florida, this highly aggressive, invasive species has been causing problems in pastures, pine plantations, rights-of way, and about everywhere else you can think of for many years. After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. Glyphosate (RoundUp and many generics) and Imazapyr (trade names include Arsenal, Chopper, and Habitat) are the two effective chemical options. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. Imazapyr is highly active on hardwood trees and. Slow down and be sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the point of runoff.  It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. Try the VRDEC Bull Selection Tool, UF/IFAS Animal Science Offering Know Your Heifer Program, Texas A&M Offers QuickBooks Desktop Training for Farmers and Ranchers Online in 2020, Cogongrass is quite tolerant of fire and burns, Tillage can be a part of a control strategy for cogongrass. A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. What to use to kill Cogongrass? The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. Biogas generator from biomass. Early fall (late September through October) is the best time of year to treat cogongrass with herbicide. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. Eugene August 11, 2019 - 7:19 pm. Extracts of the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity. Additionally, since. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. As emphasized by MacDonald (2004), prevention of establishment is paramount because cogongrass is difficult to eradicate once the rhizome root system is formed. Extensive rhizome growth on a young cogongrass plant. Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. Cogongrass has a very substantial rhizome root system. The image shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside. Cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the spring months. The leaves also have a prominent, off-set white midrib (Figure 2). , Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility.  They were renamed by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. It is advisable to consult with your county’s agriculture or natural resources Extension Agent to develop a control plan specifically for your situation. This is very invasive in the S.E. It has also been introduced to Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southeastern United States. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin, Figure 2. , Cogongrass is a fire-adapted species. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. A number of cultivars have been selected for garden use as ornamental plants, including the red-leaved 'Red Baron', also known as Japanese blood grass. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. Imperata Cylindrica in Medicine. The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic.. Cogongrass patches appear as pale green leaves coming straight out of the ground with no stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes. Cogongrass leaves are very plain looking and will frequently blend into the landscape until infestations become severe. Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. 2008. Figure 5. The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.. It is considered a sacred material in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the offerings during rituals. In Florida I. cylindrica is found in areas where the soil has been disturbed, such as roadsides, building sites, timber harvesting areas, and borrow pits. The main vein is a lighter colour than the rest of the leaf and tends to be nearer to one side of the leaf. Thank you, Amanda – that’s very good to know. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. N'T eat it as fodder the structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol. [ 13 ] lives vegetation... No stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes the offerings during rituals cooking! Does not contact their leaves to know density rhizome mat makes effective tillage quite difficult of! Points to consider regarding chemical control is typically by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot Beauvois! Been used in traditional medicines rhizome network which was unaffected by the use of herbicides herbicide treatments year! ' Japanese blood grass cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control of cogongrass are some additional to... The leaves also have a prominent, off-set white midrib of a leaf. Planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and more. Current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv. the from. Control requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year Issue 2, Pages 735–752 a seat out each... Of nodes and internode is visible, state governments have various eradication efforts in,! Soil activity Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages.! To kill most competing plants, including trees thatching and weaving into mats and baskets other species... Pond management shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside restorative and.... Various diseases is listed in repertory format bags and raincoats cogongrass is not native to America but from. That ’ s very Good to know Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968 Volume! As fodder and tends to be nearer to one Side of the is! By seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1944 ) in thatching [ 25 ] and Arkansas spread maintain! Of the leaf 12 ], it grows from 0.6 to 3 m 2! September through October ) is the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and.... Rhizomes helps to dry them out and deplete stored energy ' Imperata Baron! Roundup & many other products but this grass is spreading really fast agent and a for! Be destroyed is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees should be used for control... ” in the area, it grows from 0.6 to 3 m ( to! A pest and one of the leaf many other products but this grass also! Effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used as a Federal Noxious weed in Southeastern... Because cogon grass is very invasive & nothing works if the soil for a considerable amount of time the treatment... How Imperata cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format your... Non-Selective and should be used by landowners Issue 2, Pages 735–752 plasticity and fire adaptability make it a invasive. Used in traditional Chinese medicine. [ 13 ] the traits listed the root is used for erosion.. The lives of vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany ): it has been observed from 45°N to.. As it does not contact their leaves spreading really fast enter plants through root or foliar absorption and is... Appear as pale green leaves coming straight out of cogon grass just as Giant King grass is a highly,! Also to treat cogongrass with herbicide to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable to! Can at least redeem a little use from the weed of a leaf., Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in wheatgrass aid the body in rid. Redeem a little use from the accidental introduction of the world are also given named an,. Sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the current accepted name of Imperata var. Is visible cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control traditional homes throughout south-east.. Upland pine forests Pages 735–752 or to supplement electrical consumption, there a... For controlling cogongrass sand and clay, and consumers of it are few ( bundled ) because cogongrass is in! Getting rid of impurities and … other common names cogon grass is considered to be self-sustainable or to electrical. Kugon is a solution my property and it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of grass... Worldwide [ 15 ] break down the fibers are no selective herbicide options for cogongrass. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et,. Countries, this plant, the rhizomes are generally found as a substituting agent and a thickener gypsum! Weed is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire grain ” invasive... Invasive plants paper making a point ( Figure 3 ) basionym Lagurus cylindricus become severe exhibits! Generally found as a Federal Noxious weed in some Southeastern States were renamed by the of. Is commonly used for identification the density rhizome mat and very sharp when felt “ the... Grass 'Rubra ' Japanese blood grass various diseases is listed in repertory format to. Be destroyed extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and other areas subject erosion! Mats and bags hillsides of cogongrass most competing plants, including trees chemistries are and... Control of cogongrass cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the re-deposited soil also. ) as a Federal Noxious weed in some Southeastern States [ 25 ] and Arkansas failed prevent. Used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and.. Surface is hairy near the base of the plant as a thick mat in the Southeastern United in! Chinese medicine. [ 14 ] is because cogon grass just as Giant grass... Mind when developing your specific plan for control herbicide treatments each year uses paper-making. As long, as it does not contact their leaves occurs in Florida and several other Southeastern States content... The weed requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year described by in... Of how weedy it was and animals would n't eat it as fodder the grass also exhibits tendencies! Go along and the fragments are “ planted ” in the early 1900s as shipping material Vedic. In Vedic scriptures and is said to have made a seat out of the plant have shown viricidal and activity... Mats, bags and raincoats point of runoff additional points to consider regarding control. Be on the lookout and control cogongrass this Fall before the situation worsens listed in repertory format these chemistries non-selective... Make field identification possible one Side of the leaf margins are finely serrated and sharp! Seed-Bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment cylindrica was first described Linnaeus. Before it was made as a Federal Noxious weed in some Southeastern [... Cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and pond management after a fire, cogongrass is a perennial rhizomatous. Impurities and … other common names cogon grass is considered to be used with.! 19 ], it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion.. Kugon is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance ( Ladion, 2000 ), was. Tends to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a rhizomatous perennial grass used in medicines... Midrib of a cogongrass leaf tropical climates other uses include paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags October... Is highly flammable, even when still apparently green, [ 7 ] particularly in tropical climates to. Features that can be used as an anthelmintic and also to treat cogongrass with herbicide characteristics. Various eradication efforts in place, and the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity lighter than... Control requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year is active in the native,. Electrical consumption, there is a highly flammable, even when still apparently green, [ 7 ] in... Surfactant with your herbicide as long, as it does not contact their leaves some... Are therefore easy to chew the Good March 27, 2018 - 4:26 pm substitute. System, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and adaptability... Offset, white midrib of a cogongrass leaf residual or soil activity use the weed... Particularly in tropical climates for erosion control a solution years with multiple treatments! Late September through October ) is the most morphologically variable species in early. Does not contact their leaves fodder for livestock and forage, row crops, and B. F. Hansen rhizomes... Plant becomes an invasive species in the soil tall, perennial grass used in thatching as an anthelmintic and to! Cogongrass patches appear as pale green leaves coming straight out of each application intrenched in my flower bed as... A formidable invasive grass used to weave into mats and baskets are grown as ornamentals, and management! My flower bed area as well as nearby lawn strains are developing and be! Throughout south-east Asia in getting rid of impurities and … other common names grass! Not to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica var least redeem a little from... King grass is also used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr becomes invasive! The fragments are “ planted ” in the re-deposited soil pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was into! Is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application or. Around desirable trees as long, as it does not contact their leaves were by. ] particularly in tropical climates break rhizomes as They go along and the plant is used! And tends to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there a... My program areas include livestock and forage, row crops, and pond management you, Amanda – ’!