Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Myanmar army blocks bid to slash parliamentary power base Myanmar army blocks bid to slash parliamentary power base Military officers who serve as members of Myanmar's parliament arrive for a session at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in Nay Pyi Taw on March 10. Verification email has been resent. Both sides seem to have accepted that they have to live with the other. Amending the constitution to provide more of a semblance of civilian supremacy over the armed forces would be a good start. In the debate over whether Aung San Suu Kyi should do more to stop the violence in Myanmar, it's often pointed out that she has limited power … Myanmar ranked 31st in the 2017 Global Firepower Index, which categorises the military strength of 133 countries based on 50 factors, including military budget, manpower and equipment, among others. Myanmar navy power. တပ္မေတာ္-ေလ. News Myanmar army blocks Aung San Suu Kyi’s bid to reduce military power. That would also serve to improve relations with the West, and so reduce their dependence on China, both economically and diplomatically. Along with nominating military candidates for seats in both houses of parliament, the Constitution also allows the commander-in-chief, in the event of a state of emergency “the right to take over and exercise State sovereign power.” The constitution also bans “retrospective” penal law – an addition possibly meant to prevent the military from being prosecuted for past crimes, including the house arrest of Suu Kyi and the junta’s disavowal of the 1990 elections that would have effectively routed the generals from power. Auxiliary services include the Myanmar Police Force, the People's Militia Units and until … On September 15, 2017 a post written in English quoted Min Aung Hlaing saying there had been 93 clashes with “extremist Bengalis” since August 25. In Southeast Asia, Myanmar has the fourth strongest armed forces behind Indonesia at 14th, Vietnam at 16th and Thailand at 20th, according to the index. By AFP. 'Armed Forces') is the official name of the armed forces of Myanmar (Burma). There some differences between Bangladesh Army and Myanmar Army. Interest. Myanmar Military Power. The hitch is, the army’s stifling influence is preventing Burmese democracy from maturing. Public Figure. Public & Government … Myanmar's Army Chief Min Aung Hlaing As per the 1959 Defence Services Act, which was amended in 2014, the retirement age of Myanmar's military chief and his deputy is set at 65. Burmese Army. There are still US and EU arms embargoes against Myanmar, but it continues to receive weapons and training from allies including China, India, Russia and even Israel. It might still be possible, however, to turn this vicious cycle into a virtuous one. Asked for comment about the lawsuit and the state of sales to Myanmar, the Israeli Foreign Affairs Ministry told CNN: “Israel denies categorically the false information in the media regarding a so called involvement in the tragedy in the Rakhine province in Myanmar.” The Israeli defense ministry said it “does not comment on matters relating to defense exports.”. Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited brings the ruling generals lucrative returns on cigarette and petroleum imports. Success! Why Myanmar’s army is wrong to reject limits on its power, America and Europe clamp down on big tech, Covid-19 threatens girls’ gigantic global gains. Myanmar War News and Media. What should be of great concern for Myanmar, says Selth, is the possibility that people within the armed forces want to “slow down the reform process or to preserve certain perks and privileges.”, The older officers grew wealthy through the military’s control over the government, and “it has been suggested, for example, that some younger officers resent the fact that current and proposed changes to Myanmar society may deny them the opportunities for personal enrichment enjoyed by their predecessors.”. It’s a very simple message.”, Suu Kyi stressed that her government was still young, post written in English quoted Min Aung Hlaing, another post in English harkens back to the loss of “Rakhine ethnics”, originally brought in as laborers under British rule, some of those radars were based on a Dutch design, manufacturing, telecommunication, transport and even gin, brings the ruling generals lucrative returns on cigarette and petroleum imports, urged to implement sanctions against the military itself, pledged more than $53 million ($66 million Australian) in aid for Myanmar in 2017-2018, military information office posted on its official Facebook page. amid a push to become less reliant on China, human rights activists have petitioned the Israeli High Court to halt sales, Myanmar generals “disclosed that they had purchased Super Dvora patrol boats from Israel, posting on Facebook revealed visits to Myanmar by Michel Ben Baruch, “be cited to justify military operations against ethnic armed groups and, if considered necessary, the Rohingya,”. Both Suu Kyi and the military have said the violence in Rakhine State, which prompted the mass exodus of nearly half a million people, was instigated by Rohingya militants. The alternative is a reversion to the feud between the army and democracy activists that has consumed Myanmar in one form or another since the Tatmadaw first stopped the NLD from taking power back in 1990. Myanmar navy power. Government Organization. News & Media Website. The Myanmar Navy (Burmese : တပ်မတော် (ရေ) ; [taʔmədɔ̀ jè]) is the naval warfare branch of the armed forces of Myanmar. By Jamie Tarabay, CNN Updated 4:22 AM EST, Wed December 6, 2017 Story highlights. They appear to have been delighted to palm off the difficult job of running the country, but wanted to make sure that their exalted status—and past conduct—would not be questioned. Forgot account? Although the country is in theory run by a civilian government, the army, or Tatmadaw, retains control of its own affairs. 10,293 people like this. Amendment reducing military seats in Parliament over 15 years gained majority support, but missed 75 percent threshold. News Personality. Neither side wants that. For her military counterpart, Commander-in-Chief Sen. General Min Aung Hlaing, on the other hand, it’s been business as usual. *Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate a 'PwrIndx' score. Myanmar government: Almost 40% of Rohingya villages are now empty. The army could cede control of the various security ministries, for example, or give up its voting majority on the special government committee empowered to declare a state of emergency. It is the armed wing of the United League of Arakan (ULA), currently led by Major General Twan Mrat Naing. Myanmar Armed Forces, Rohingya who’ve fled have spoken of their homes being torched, Constitution allocated a quarter of the seats in parliament to the military, be above the president. It is administered by the Ministry of Defence and composed of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. Eitay Mack, the lawyer presenting the petition said that Israel has been opaque over the nature of its longstanding relationship with Myanmar, but the internet has provided his legal team with significant information that is public and hard for Israel to ignore. News & Media Website. PHOTO: The militants, the post claimed, intend to build a stronghold in a district in Rakhine State. During the 2015 elections she told a news conference that should her party win and form the government “I will be above the president. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. Myanmar Airpower. In 2008 a new Constitution allocated a quarter of the seats in parliament to the military. “After half a century or more of authoritarian rule, now we are in the process of nurturing our nation,” she said. Myanmar Military Strength (2020) For 2020, Myanmar is ranked 35of 138 out of the countries consideredfor the annual GFP review. စစ်သမိုင်းများနှင့် စစ်လက်နက်များ. Myanmar’s military: The power Aung San Suu Kyi can’t control. The Myanmar Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) of Myanmar (Burma) and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. In Israel, human rights activists have petitioned the Israeli High Court to halt sales of military weapons and equipment to Myanmar. The UK government called on Myanmar’s military to “take immediate steps to stop the violence in Rakhine and ensure the protection of all civilians, to allow full access for humanitarian aid.” Five military trainee officers attending courses in the UK were being sent back to Myanmar, the country’s military information office posted on its official Facebook page. “Despite the political changes in Myanmar, the military remains solidly in control, and its books are still closed to public scrutiny.”. At the very least, some sense that the army will not run amok might help to lure back Western investors, and thus speed the country’s development and rehabilitation. The military has avoided condemnation from Western nations precisely because it is still wending its way out of isolation. For decades, countries like the US had limited diplomacy with Myanmar, assigning defense attaches instead of ambassadors to the US embassy and attempting to maintain contact while trying not to be tainted by the military’s disregard for human rights. It’s mainly engines, sometimes it’s for Chinese ships that end up in Myanmar. Because both of Suu Kyi’s adult sons are British citizens, as was her late husband, she was unable to assume the presidency. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2020. “When India supplied equipment to Myanmar including radar, some of those radars were based on a Dutch design. For as long as experts can see, the military will remain the real power in Myanmar, and there will be little Aung San Suu Kyi can do about it. USDP Chan Mya. But most Rohingya were never granted the paperwork to prove their roots and are effectively stateless. Some of their business properties include Myanmar Economic Corporation, which maintains holdings in manufacturing, telecommunication, transport and even gin. Sports League. It is hard to know exactly what the army’s intention was, since it is such an opaque and prickly institution. Organization. New Delhi: India and Myanmar on Thursday carried out a comprehensive review of their multi-faceted relationship that is underpinned by deepening cooperation in areas of trade and investment, power, energy and healthcare. The generals’ dismissal of constitutional changes will prove short-sighted and self-defeating. Myanmar's military on Tuesday quashed proposals in parliament that would mean its MPs relinquish power, in a vote pitting the armed forces in open opposition against Aung San Suu Kyi as elections loom. India’s Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla along with country’s army chief General M.M. The Myanmar Air Force was formed on 16 January 1947, while Myanmar (also known as Burma) was still under British rule. Hindustan Times/Hindustan Times/Hindustan Times via Getty Images, This picture taken on August 27, 2017 shows onlookers watching as firefighters attempt to extinguish fires from houses burnt by Rohingya militants in Maungdaw township in Rakhine State in Myanmar. As well as refusing to publicly refer to the name Rohingya, Suu Kyi insists the violence and the displacement has affected many other people too. NAVY News Update. “Under the Constitution the commander-in-chief (of Myanmar’s Armed Forces) is his own boss, he doesn’t report to Aung San Suu Kyi. STR/AFP/Getty Images, In this photograph taken on October 21, 2016, armed Myanmar army soldiers patrol a village in Maungdaw located in Rakhine State, PHOTO: But analysts say Aung San Suu Kyi, the de facto leader of Myanmar and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, has little if any control over the country’s military forces that are enacting the brutal campaign against the Rohingya. It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.5691(0.0000 considered 'perfect'). “Looking at all the different sources you get a picture of China being by far the most important supplier. 4:22 AM EST, Wed December 6, 2017. The UK said it would suspend its training program for the military because of the violence in Rakhine State “until there is an acceptable resolution to the current situation,” a spokesman for the British government said on Tuesday. When she addressed diplomats in Myanmar on September 19, Suu Kyi stressed that her government was still young – in power for a mere 18 months – and efforts to bring democracy to the country were still fledgling. Although the country is in theory run by a civilian government, the … Share on twitter. A Rohingya Muslim man walks to shore carrying an elderly woman after they arrived on a boat from Myanmar to Bangladesh. စစ်သမိုင်းများနှင့် စစ်လက်နက်များ. Updated Success! Myanmar War News and Media. This doubtless irks elected politicians, but there is little they can do about it, because the army also chooses a quarter of the members of the national and state parliaments. Russia, he says, supplies helicopters and light aircraft, India supplies weapons to Myanmar’s navy and despite the EU ban, some European equipment makes it through Wezeman said, although not with the blessing of those countries. (Photo by Samir Jana/Hindustan Times via Getty Images), PHOTO: Share on email. Magazine. Public Figure. Myanmar Army Artillery Corps. But even during its economic and political isolation Myanmar was able to buy weapons and hardware because of the controlling interest the ruling junta had in several government monopolies. Because Myanmar is subject to a weapons embargo from the European Union and the United States, it has turned to other suppliers including India and Israel for its needs, amid a push to become less reliant on China, wrote Myanmar expert Andrew Selth. Target Acquisition and Distribution Radar of Myanmar's 2K12 Kub and Kavadat-M air defence systems.Part of 2K12 Kub and Kavadat-M: Upgraded SRN-125 "Low Bow" radar: I/D-band tracking, fire control and guidance radar: 40km Unknown Russia Tracking, fire control and guidance radar of Myanmar Army's Pechora-2M Air Defence System. In the Constitution, the role of the commander-in-chief – who is the ultimate military authority. Days before Aung San Suu Kyi's government took office in March 2016, honor guards raised their bayonet mounted rifles in salute to Sen. General Min Aung Hlaing, commander-in-chief of the Myanmar armed forces, during a ceremony to mark the 71st Armed Forces Day. Now they need to find a way to get along better. We never developed the carrots and now all we’re really left with are sticks,” he said. Instead, the NLD and the Tatmadaw are locked in a destructive contest, in which each vies to prove itself more patriotic and closer to the Bamar Buddhist majority than the other. “We never got to the point where those relationships existed and so because we never got there, we don’t have the leverage over the military to be able to say, by cutting off our relationship with you we can make you an international pariah. “They have demanded recognition as Rohingya, which has never been an ethnic group in Myanmar. စစ္သည္ေတာ္ မွတ္တမ္း . Miss Suu Kyi, after all, has proved that she is not an implacable enemy of the Tatmadaw—even going as far as travelling to The Hague to defend its indefensible conduct before the International Court of Justice. “While I had hoped the NDAA (National Defense Authorization Act) could contribute to positive reform in Burma,” McCain said in his statement, “I can no longer support expanding military-to-military cooperation given the worsening humanitarian crisis and human rights crackdown against the Rohingya people, and will seek to remove this language when the Senate begins debating the NDAA.”, Australia’s government, which pledged more than $53 million ($66 million Australian) in aid for Myanmar in 2017-2018, has said its agreement with Myanmar was aimed at helping the country’s transition to a democracy. Myanmar and Asean Military Updates . It’s a public thing and hard for them to argue.”. “It’s very murky, it’s one of the least transparent countries in Asia when it comes to these things,” said Siemon Wezeman, a senior researcher on arms and military spending at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. WITH GREAT power comes no responsibility whatsoever—at least, for Myanmar’s army. About See All. Reference Website. In reality, there is likely to be a mix of ethnicities among them. Media/News Company. Myanmar Defence Military. Myanmar Weapons Observers. / AFP PHOTO / STR (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images), PHOTO: Among the edicts in the document is the condition that no one with dual-citizen relations (including parents or children) can ever be president. Myanmar army blocks bid to slash parliamentary power base. Israeli company TAR Ideal Concepts, whose leadership includes a former head of the Israeli police, had published advertisements, Mack said, that included images of forces undergoing training. Myanmar army blocks bid to slash parliamentary power 11 March 2020 Myanmar's State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi (C) attends a ceremony for the country's 73rd Union Day in … The internationally-feted democracy advocate has had to endure the howls of outrage from around the world at the military’s treatment of the Rohingya. A Warner Media Company. At one level, it would be merely a token gesture: Miss Suu Kyi surely knows that the army would not hesitate to stage another coup if it felt truly threatened. The vote was the climax of a year of fierce debates between MPs as the civilian government attempted The generals “insert themselves in various parts of the economy and use this to enrich their shareholders,” said Yeshua Moser-Puangsuwan, a contributor to a 2015 Transparency International report on Myanmar, quoted in the Financial Times. “We are a young and fragile country facing many problems, but we have to cope with them all. For good measure, he also gets to pick the ministers of the interior and of border security, giving him control over the police, intelligence services and border guards. © 2020 Cable News Network. World leaders are now being urged to implement sanctions against the military itself, to try to push the ruling officers to end their campaign against the Rohingya. Create New Account. The Dutch made it very clear that if there was Dutch technology and Dutch components that India was breaking any agreements it had because those things were considered weapons.” The Indians, he said, responded that they were all Indian-made. The Arakan Army (Burmese : ရက္ခိုင့်တပ်တော် ; abbreviated AA) is a Rakhine armed group in Myanmar (Burma), founded on 10 April 2009. Interest . All Rights Reserved. In his public statements Min Aung Hlaing doesn’t refer to Rohingya by that name, using instead the term “Bengali.”. The Myanmar Air Force ( Burmese: တပ်မတော် (လေ), pronounced [taʔmədɔ̀ lè] ), known until 1989 as the Burmese Air Force, is the aerial branch of Myanmar 's armed forces, the Tatmadaw. They were being “forced to return” after the UK suspended the program, the post said. Password reset email has been resent. However, she is able to still largely play that role in a position that was created especially for her, State Counselor. We Love Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. Myanmar army blocks Aung San Suu Kyi’s bid to reduce military power The Burmese leader and her party are attempting to bring in more democratic reforms ahead of … So when the army embarks on a pogrom against the Rohingyas, a hated Muslim minority, the government feels obliged to paper over its crimes against humanity. For its part, the Tatmadaw presumably did not spend more than a decade engineering a form of civilian rule it finds acceptable only to sabotage its own creation. Moreover, if the civilian government had any control over security, that might force it, and the Tatmadaw, to think a little more deeply about how to mollify Myanmar’s many ethnic and religious minorities (or at least avoid any repeats of what happened to the Rohingyas), and thus make the country both more peaceful and more unified. Page Transparency See More. Public Figure. There is long-held prejudice against the Rohingya among the people of Myanmar. The post is titled “special weapons systems in Asia,” but the flag of Myanmar is visible in one of the images. Power over the military rests with the commander-in-chief who has complete control over Myanmar's security and police forces, Military has been at the helm of "clearance operations" in Rakhine state, sending hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims fleeing, She’s been the focus of the world’s criticism, scrutiny and censure as hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims seek refuge in neighboring Bangladesh, escaping what the United Nations human rights chief has labeled a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing.”. Myanmar ARMY. They’re produced under license in China but they’re supposed to inform the European countries,” he said, adding that the engines may not be considered to be weapons. Min Aung Hlaing’s proclivity for posting on Facebook revealed visits to Myanmar by Michel Ben Baruch, the head of Sibat, Israel’s defense export unit. On March 10th, in fact, the Tatmadaw’s appointees torpedoed constitutional amendments proposed by the government of Aung San Suu Kyi, which would have gradually reduced its representation in parliament, among other things. When the government of Myanmar passed a citizenship law in 1982, it said Rohingya could apply if they spoke an officially recognized language and could prove that their families had lived in the country before independence. One crashed in the Andaman Sea on June 7, 2017, PHOTO: We cannot just concentrate on the few.”. Under the Obama administration the military relationship between the two countries focused largely on training the military in rule of law, human rights and disaster relief, with the occasional participation in multilateral exercises – nothing the military would be too concerned to lose, said Aaron Connelly at the Lowy Institute. Log In. Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi on August 28 accused Rohingya fighters of burning down homes and using child soldiers during a recent surge in violence in troubled Rakhine state, allegations denied by the militants themselves. 2:38. 38:03. Power … Rohingya who’ve fled have spoken of their homes being torched, of neighbors turning on neighbors, of relatives taken away never to be seen again. And when Miss Suu Kyi declares that national reconciliation is her government’s main goal, the army stirs up conflicts with other minorities to undermine her. Many Rohingya, however, say they are descendants of Muslim traders who can be traced back to the ninth century. We haven’t seen much evidence that they’re willing to give up anything beyond what they gave up in the 2008 constitution,” he told CNN. March 11, 2020 Share on facebook. Western investors, in turn, have taken flight, increasing Myanmar’s dependence on China—again, the opposite of what the Tatmadaw appears to have intended. The military junta, which ruled the country with an iron fist from 1962 until 2011 – arresting democracy advocates including Suu Kyi, imposing martial law and killing protestors – still controls the security forces, the police and key cabinet positions in the government. They did not make the list of the 135 recognized ethnicities in Myanmar. UNBIASED: Bangladesh Army Power vs. Myanmar Army Power | 2018 Latest Update. The Tatmadaw methodically erected this structure for 13 years before it handed power to Miss Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) in 2016. KOLKATA, INDIA - SEPTEMBER 4: Students of Film Studies, Jadavpur University enact a street play on genocide of Rohingya Muslim people of Myanmar during a protest rally in front of Myanmar Consulate office on September 4, 2017 in Kolkata, India. Naravane is visiting Myanmar on October 4 and 5. Myanmar Army Power. Twin leaders of Myanmar’s God’s Army were once thought to have magical powers. That is enough to veto any amendments to the constitution, including any changes to these outlandish rules. or. – often overrides that of the President. His formal engagements are posted almost daily to his verified Facebook page, to more than 1.28 million followers. “It was secret in Israel but then I found it on Facebook. Defense spending makes up 14% of Myanmar’s budget, which even includes arts funding for propaganda projects. And there’s nothing Suu Kyi can do about it. Not Now. ... MYANMAR POWER 128,966 views. MYANMAR ARMY (1) with Myanmar Subtitle - Duration: 38:03. Contact Myanmar Army Power on Messenger. It was the military’s way of easing Myanmar’s return from exile as a pariah state: constitutional reform, civilian government, and the restoring of Suu Kyi to public life. Aung San Suu Kyi: The rise and fall of Asia's Mandela, Earlier, on September 1, 2017, another post in English harkens back to the loss of “Rakhine ethnics” of Rakhine State in 1942, “in which Bengalis attacked, murdered and coerced them into leaving their homes. Its top general appoints his own boss, the minister of defence. Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Since August 25, when Rohingya insurgents attacked 30 police posts, killing 12 police officers, according to Myanmar state media, the military and its surrogates have cut a swathe through Rakhine State, targeting Rohingya Muslims in “clearance operations.”. WITH GREAT power comes no responsibility whatsoever—at least, for Myanmar’s army. Sports League. Now adults, they are contending with the trauma of exile, alcohol and loss. “If the military has to choose between control and international respect, they will choose control. Nor do ordinary Burmese. News & Media Website. He can’t be fired,” said Aaron Connelly, a research fellow in the East Asia Program at the Lowy Institute in Sydney. It’s a very simple message.”. It’s a question of how much they’re willing to give up. 10,753 people follow this. Magazine. Sen. John McCain said he plans to remove language from a defense authorization bill that would have expanded training exercises between the US military and Myanmar’s. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. By 1948, the new air force fleet included 40 Airspeed Oxfords, 16 de Havilland Tiger Moths, four Austers and three Supermarine Spitfires transferred from the Royal Air Force with a few hun… Instead of Miss Suu Kyi helping Myanmar and the army to look better, as the generals had planned, the army is making Miss Suu Kyi and Myanmar look bad. We Love Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. Some Rohingya were originally brought in as laborers under British rule from 1824 to 1948 in what the British considered an internal migration because the area was part of British-administered India. Community See All. All rights reserved. Myanmar army blocks bid to slash parliamentary power base. Myanmar Zatlantwle 8,255 views. During the 2015 visit the Myanmar generals “disclosed that they had purchased Super Dvora patrol boats from Israel, and there was talk of additional purchases,” an article in Israel’s Ha’aretz noted. “It’s indirect. Edit. Longtime Myanmar observer Andrew Selth says the military does not want to run Myanmar, but it does intend to protect its people and its position in the country. Myanmar Army personnel receive a Thai delegation to the capital Naypyidaw in October 2010. Credit: ... As a theater for great power confrontation, Latin … But over time, the new rules might evolve from polite fictions into institutional norms. Myanmar Air Defense. While Suu Kyi chose to cancel a trip to the US to speak at the United Nations General Assembly to deal with the problems at home, Min Aung Hlaing has been hosting foreign diplomats, speaking to military audiences and receiving donations to a fund for people displaced by the “chaos” instigated by Rohingya insurgents. They also demanded the resignation of Noble Peace Laureate Myanmar's Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi and brunt her effigy. Myanmar Army Power. See more of Myanmar Army Power on Facebook. Its nationalism will “be cited to justify military operations against ethnic armed groups and, if considered necessary, the Rohingya,” he writes. We will never let such a terrible occurrence happen again.”. But also enshrined in the Constitution is the ability for the military to flex its muscle when it senses that those newfound freedoms might encroach on its hold over defense in Myanmar. The Myanmar Army maintains the second largest active force in Southeast Asia after the People's Army of Vietnam. With 19,000 personnel on duty, the navy operates more than 125 vessels. Movie/Television Studio. STR/AFP/AFP/Getty Images, The Myanmar military Shaanxi Y8-200F four-turboprop plane. News Personality. Appeal №: MAAMM002 Funding requirements: 7.643 million CHF This operational plan outlines the results that the IFRC wants to achieve in collaboration with the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) over a period of five years (2021-2025) in implementing IFRC … That is no surprise, but it is a mistake. Sen. General Min Aung Hlaing visited Israel in 2015, toured military and naval bases, and published everything on his Facebook page, Mack said. Is hard to know exactly what the Army ’ s Army were once thought to have wanted make! Amendment reducing military seats in Parliament over 15 years gained majority support, but missed 75 threshold... 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